A review of Indirect Matrix Converter Topologies

Salem Rahmani, Lazhar Rmili, Kamal Al-Haddad


Abstract—Matrix Converter (MC) is a modern direct AC/AC electrical power converter without dc-link capacitor. MC is operated in four quadrant, assuring a control of the output voltage, amplitude and frequency. The matrix converter has recently attracted significant attention among researchers and it has become increasing attractive for applications of wind energy conversion, military power supplies, induction motor drives, etc. Recently, different MC topologies have been proposed and developed which have their own advantages and disadvantages. Matrix converter can be classified as direct and indirect structures. The direct one has been elaborated in previous work. In this paper the indirect MCs are reviewed. Different characteristics of the indirect MC topologies are mentioned to show the strengths and weaknesses of such converter topologies.


Matrix converter; AC/AC conversion; topologies; bidirectional switches.

Full Text:



A. Alesina and M. Venturini, “Intrinsic amplitude limits and optimum design of 9-switches direct PWM AC-AC converters”, Proceedings of Power Electronic Specialist Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1284 – 1291, April 1988.

A. Alesina and M. Venturini, “Analysis and design of optimum amplitude nine-switch direct AC- AC converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 4, no.1, pp. 101-112, January 1989.

A. Alesina and M. Venturini, “Generalised Transformer: A New Bidirectional, Sinusoidal Waveform Frequency Converter with Continuously Adjustable Input Power Factor”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 242-252, 1980.

L. Rmili, S. Rahmani, F. Fnaiech, and K. Al-Haddad, “Space Vector Modulation Strategy for a Direct Matrix Converter”, In Proc. 14th international conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic control & computer engineering - STA'2013, pp. 1-6, December 2013.

F. Bradaschia, M. Cavalcanti, F. A. S. Neves, and E. P. Helber “A Modulation Technique to Reduce Switching Losses in Matrix Converters”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 1186-1195, April 2009.

J. Choi and S. Sul, “A new compensation strategy reducing voltage/current distortion in PWM VSI systems operating with low voltages”, IEEE IAS Annual Meeting, vol.31, pp. 1001-1008, 1995.

J. Kang, E. Yamamoto, M. Ikeda, and E. Watanabe, “Medium-Voltage Matrix Converter Design Using Cascaded Single-Phase Power Cell Modules”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 5007-5013, November 2011.

A. Garcés and M. Molinas, “A Study of Efficiency in a Reduced Matrix Converter for Offshore Wind Farms”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 184-193, January 2012.

A. Klumpner and F. Blaabjerg, “Using reverse blocking IGBTs in power converters for adjustable speed drives”, Proceedings of IEEE Industry Applications Conference, vol. 3, pp. 1516 – 1523, Oct. 2003.

A. Klumpner, P. Nielsen, I. Boldea and F. Blaabjerg, “A new matrix converter motor (mcm) for industry applications”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 49, pp. 325 – 335, April 2002.

X. Changliang, Y. Yan, P. Song, and S. Tingna, “Voltage Disturbance Rejection for Matrix Converter-Based PMSM Drive System Using Internal Model Control”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 361-372, January 2012.

C. Ortega, A. Arias, C. Caruana, J. Balcells, and G. M. Asher, “Improved Waveform Quality in the Direct Torque Control of Matrix- Converter-Fed PMSM Drives”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 2101-2110, June 2010.

Z. Daning, K. Sun, L. Huang, K. Sasagawa, “A Novel Commutation Method of Matrix Converter Fed Induction Motor Drive Using RBIGBT”, Fourtieth. IEEE IAS Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, pp. 2347-2354, 2005.

D. Casadei, G. Serra, A. Tani, A. Trentin, and L. Zarri, “Theoretical and Experimental Investigation on the Stability of Matrix Converters”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1409-1419, October 2005.

F. Yue, Patrick. Wheeler, and J. Clare, “Relationship of modulation schemes for matrix converters”, 3rd IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, pp. 266-270, March 2006.

J. Rodriguez, M. Rivera, J. Kolar, and P. Wheeler, “A Review of Control and Modulation Methods for Matrix Converters”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 58-70, January 2012.

D. Domes, W. Hofman, J. Lutz, “A first Loss evolution using a vertical SiC-JFET and a Conventional SiC-IGBT in the bidirectional matrix converter Switch topology”, European Conference on power Electronics and Application, September 11-14, 2005.

H. Hojabri, H. Mokhtari, and L. Chang, “A Generalized Technique of Modeling, Analysis, and Control of a Matrix Converter Using SVD”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 949-959, March 2011.

J. Mahlein, J. Weigold , O. Simon, “New concepts for matrix converter design”, The 27th Annual conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society IECON, vol.2, pp 1044-1048, November 29-december 2, 2001.

I. Ibarra, J. Kortabarria, I. Andreu, Martínez, L. Martin, and P. Ibañez, “Improvement of the Design Process of Matrix Converter Platforms Using the Switching State Matrix Averaging Simulation Method”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 220-234 January 2012.

J. Mahlein, M. Bruckmann and M. Braun, “Passive protection strategy for drive system with matrix converter and induction machine”, IEEE Transactions and Industrial Electronics, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 297-303, April 2002.

A. Ishiguro, T. Furuhashi, and S. Okuma, “A novel control method for forced commutated cycloconverters using instantaneous values of input line-to-line voltages”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp.166-172, 1991.

F. Schafmeister and J. Kolar, “Novel Hybrid Modulation Schemes Significantly Extending the Reactive Power Control Range of All Matrix Converter Topologies With Low Computational Effort”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 194-210, January 2012.

L. Rmili, S. Rahmani, H. Vahedi and K. Al-Haddad, “A Comprehensive Analysis of Matrix Converters: Bidirectional Switch, Direct Topology, Modeling and Control”, In Proc. 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, IEEE-ISIE, June 2014.

X. Huang, A. Goodman, C. Gerada, Y. Fang, and Q. Lu, “A Single Sided Matrix Converter Drive for a Brushless DC Motor in Aerospace Applications”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 9, pp.3542-3552, September 2012.

P. Wheeler, J.C. Clare, L. Empringham, M. Apap, K. Bradley, C. Whitley and G. Towers, “A matrix converter based permanent magnet motor drive for an aircraft actuator system”, Proceedings of IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1295 – 1300, June 2004.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21622/resd.2015.01.1.030


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Salem RAHMANI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.