A Modified Open Loop Control of a Matrix Converter Connected to Wind Energy System

Kotb Tawfiq, A.F. Abdou, E. E. EL-Kholy, S. S. Shokralla


Wind energy conversion system (WECS) is bit by bit gaining interest as a suitable source of renewable energy. In this paper a direct AC-AC matrix converter is utilized to interface an isolated static load fed from WECS. A self-excited induction generator is utilized as it has many advantages in terms of ease of maintenance, self-protection against short circuits. This paper proposes a modified open loop control of matrix converter with indirect space vector modulation. The modified open loop provides constant output voltage and constant frequency even if the wind speed changed. Matrix converter (MC) is used rather than AC-DC-AC converter as it eliminates the bulky capacitors. Finally, simulation results for different operating points are displayed which are consistent with the expected results.



Open Loop Control; Matrix Converter; Wind Energy System

Full Text:



KotbB.Tawfiq,A.F.Abdou,E.E.EL-Kholy,S.S.Shokralla “Performance analysis of a matrix converter interfaced wind energy conversion system for static load application “ ICNEEE , Cairo, Egypt 11 – 14 April 2016

KotbB.Tawfiq,A.F.Abdou,E.E.EL-Kholy,S.S.Shokralla “A Modified Space Vector Modulation Algorithm for a Matrix Converter with Lower Total Harmonic Distortion “2016 IEEE 59th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems,Abu Dhabi,United Arab Emirates.

X. Zhang, W. Wang, D. Liu, H. Wang, X. Cao, S. He,’’matrix wind turbine generator system ‘’ IEEE PEDS 2015, Sydney converter control study of doubly feed induction, Australia9 – 12 June 2015

H. Hojabri, H. Mokhtari and L. Chang, “Reactive power control of permanent-magnet synchronous wind generator with matrix converter”, IEEE Trans. Power Delivery., vol. 28, no. 2, pp.575-584, April 2013.

N. Holtsmark, S. Sanchez and M. Molinas, “Speed regulation ofa wind turbine with current source or matrix converter: tuning procedure”, in Proc. IEEE 13th Worksop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), June 2012.

R. Teodorescu, and F. Blaabjerg, "Flexible Control of Small Wind Turbines With Grid Failure Detection Operating in Stand-Alone and Grid Connected Mode", IEEE Trans. On Power Electronics, Vol. 19, NO. 5, SEP. 2004, pp. 1323, 1332.

W. Lu and B. T. Ooi, "Multiterminal LVDC system for optimal acquisition of power in wind-farm using induction generators", IEEE Tran. On Power Electronics Vol. 17, NO. 4, JULY 2002, pp. 558-563.

Rajesh Kumar Thakur,Vivek Agarwal andPaluri S. V. Nataraj,” A Reliable and Accurate Calculation of Excitation Capacitance Value for an Induction Generator Based on Interval Computation Technique,” International Journal of Automation and Computing ,November 2011, ,pp.429-436.

ALI M. ELTAMALY,PhD,” New Formula to Determine the Minimum Capacitance Required for Self-Excited Induction Generator,” 33rd IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference,23 - 27 June 2002 Cairns Convention Centre, Queensland, Australia,2002.

M. Venturini and A. Alesina, "The generalized transformer: A new bidirectional sinusoidal waveform frequency converter with continuously adjustable input power factor " in Proc. IEEE PESC’80, 1980, pp. 242– 252.

P. W. Wheeler, IEEE, J. Rodríguez, J. Clare, L. Empringham, and A. Weinstein, " Matrix Converters: A Technology Review “, IEEE Trans. On Industrial electronics, Vol. 49, NO. 2, APRIL 2002,pp 276-289.

S.M. Barakati, J.D Aplevich, M. Kazerani," controller design for a wind turbine system including a matrix converter”, IEEE Power Engineering society General meeting, PP.1-8, 2007.

J. G. Slootweg, S. W. H. de Haan, H. Polinder, and W. L. Kling, "General Model for Representing Variable Speed Wind Turbines in Power System Dynamics Simulations", IEEE Trans. On Power Systems, Vol. 18, NO. 1, FEB.2003, pp. 144-151.

Ramasamy BHARANIKUMAR , A.Nirmal KUMAR,”performance analysis of wind turbine-driven permanent magnet generator with matrix converter”,Turk J Elec Eng&Comp Sci, Vol 20 no.3,2012.

R. KumarThakur1 , V. Agarwal, P. S. V. Natara" A Reliable and Accurate Calculation of Excitation Capacitance Value for an Induction Generator Based on Interval Computation Technique ’’ International Journal of Automation and Computing 8(4), November 2011, 429-436.

Casadei, G. Grandi, G. Serra, A. Tani, “Space vector control of matrix converters with unity input power factor and sinusoidal input/output waveforms,” Proceedings of IEEEPE' 93, Vol. 7, pp. 170-175, 1993.

L. Gyugyi and B. R. Pelly, Static Power Frequency Changers: Theory, Performance, and Application, John Wiley & Sons, 1976.E H. Miller, “A note on reflector arrays IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published.

Wheeler, P., J. Rodriguez, J. Clare, L. Empringham, and A. Weinstein, “Matrix converters: A technology review,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2002.

J. Rodriguez, M. Rivera, J. W. Kolar and P. W. Wheeler, “A review of control and modulation methods for matrix converters”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 58- 70, January 2012

V. Vlatkovic,D. Borojevicand F. C. Lee, “Input Filter Design for Power Factor Correction Circuits,”IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics,pp.199-205,Jan199

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21622/resd.2017.03.1.175


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Kotb Tawfiq, A.F. Abdou, E. E. EL-Kholy, S. S. Shokralla

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.