Renewables within the German Electricity System - Experiences and Needs

Martin Kaltschmitt


During the last two decades renewable sources of energy as an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuel energy have gained more and more importance within the German electricity system. Their share has increased from less than 4 % to roughly one third of the gross electricity production in the last 25 years. Against this background, the goal of this paper is to present briefly the current status of the use of renewables within the German electricity system, to assess selected developments taking place during this development process as well as to identify given challenges and needs as well as necessary actions to pave the road for a further use of renewable sources of energy within the German electricity provision system. The political driver for the latter is the overarching goal to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions which has been confirmed within the Paris agreement signed by the end of 2015.


Renewables; German Electricity; Wind Energy; Solar Energy; Biomass Energy

Full Text:



Energy statistics. Available:[May 10, 2016].

Energy statistics. Available: [May 10, 2016].

M. Kaltschmitt, H. Hartmann and H. Hofbauer (eds). Energie aus Biomasse: Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren. 3rd edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.

M. Kaltschmitt, W. Streicher and A. Wiese, A. (eds). Erneuerbare Energien – Systemtechnik, Wirtschaftlichkeit, Umweltaspekte. 5th edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.

P. Keineidam and M. Kaltschmitt et al. Renewable power generation 2013. Renewable energy focus, issue 7/8 (2015), pp.16 – 37.

K. Bloche-Daub, J. Witt, M. Kaltschmitt and S. Janczik. Erneuerbare Energien – Globaler Stand.“ BWK, vol. 67, 7/8, S, pp. 6 – 22, 2016.

Lenz, K. Naumann, M. Kaltschmitt and S. Janczik. Erneuerbare Energien – Erkenntnisstand 2014 in Deutschland BWK, vol. 68, 5, pp. 60 – 80, 2016.

S. Janczik and M. Kaltschmitt. Statusreport Tiefe Geothermie 2015: Nationale und internationale Nutzung Erdöl Erdgas Kohle, vol. 131, 7/8, pp. 301 – 307, 2015.

M. Kaltschmitt D. Thrän and J. Ponitka. Holz als Energieträger – Möglichkeiten und Grenzen im Kontext von globalen Entwicklungen. Forst und Holz, vol. 65, 12, pp. 18 – 25, 2010.

S. Janczik, M. Kaltschmitt, H. Rüter. Anthropogen induzierte seismische Aktivitäten bei Nutzung des tiefen Untergrunds Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, vol. 60, 8, pp. 34 – 39, 2010.

M. Kaltschmitt and D. Thrän. Logistik bei der Versorgung von Anlagen zur energetischen Nutzung biogener Festbrennstoffe – Anforderungen und Randbedingungen.“ Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, vol. 30, 4, pp. 247 – 256, 2006.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2017 Martin Kaltschmitt

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

eISSN: 2356-8569            pISSN: 2356-8518

RESD is cited in Directory of Open Access Journals, DOAJ and  EBSCO DATABASE and J-Gate INFORMATICS DATA BASE

RESD is supported by a DOI from CrossRef