2d solar thermal direct absorption comparison between gold and silver nanoparticle

Abdul-Mubarak Yussif Yidana


In recent years, the application of nanoparticles for direct thermal absorption in solar energy technology has emerged as a transformative advancement, showing significant potential compared to traditional solar collectors. In this research, nanofluids containing silver and gold nanoparticles were simulated, using water and ethylene glycol as the base fluid. The simulations were carried out using a modelled rectangular test cell, employing constant heat flux conditions through the ANSYS Fluent software. This study builds upon prior research by extending the comprehension of how nanofluids, particularly those involving silver and gold nanoparticles, can enhance photothermal absorption rates. The primary objective of this paper is to conduct a comparative analysis of the photothermal absorption rates exhibited by the two nanofluids under two simulation cases: (1) a constant heat flux applied to only one side of the
wall and (2) a constant heat flux applied to both sides of the wall. The results show that both silver and gold nanofluids have excellent photothermal absorption rate and increase significantly when heat flux is applied to both sides of the wall. A better performance is observed for silver ethylene glycol-based nanofluid. Therefore, for a more photothermal
absorption rate, it is recommended that silver ethylene glycol based nanofluid should be used.


Received: 06 May 2023

Accepted:23 September 2023

Published: 30 October 2023


: Nanofluids, thermal absorption, solar collectors, photothermal absorption, gold nanofluid, silver nanofluid

Full Text:



C. Voyant et al., “Machine learning methods for solar radiation forecasting: A review,” Renewable Energy, vol. 105. 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.12.095.

P. Kumari, and T. Durga, "Deep learning models for solar irradiance forecasting: A comprehensive review." Journal of Cleaner Production 318 (2021): 128566.

A. R. Mallah, M. N. Mohd Zubir, O. A. Alawi, K. M. Salim Newaz, and A. B. Mohamad Badry, “Plasmonic nanofluids for high photothermal conversion efficiency in direct absorption solar collectors: Fundamentals and applications,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 201, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2019.110084.

J. Hanania, K. Stenhouse., Brodie Yyelland, J Donev. Solar Collector. 2018; Available from: https://energyeducation.ca/encyclopedia/Solar_collector.

K. Farhana et al., “Improvement in the performance of solar collectors with nanofluids — A state-of-the-art review,” Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects, vol. 18. 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.nanoso.2019.100276.

I. H. Yılmaz and A. Mwesigye, “Modeling, simulation and performance analysis of parabolic trough solar collectors: A comprehensive review,” Applied Energy, vol. 225. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.05.014.

Ahmed, Mahmoud Salem. "Nanofluid: new fluids by nanotechnology." In Thermophysical properties of Complex materials. London, UK: IntechOpen, 2019.

M. Nazeer, K. Ramesh, H. Farooq, and Q. Shahzad, “Impact of gold and silver nanoparticles in highly viscous flows with different body forces,” International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 2022, doi: 10.1080/02286203.2022.2084217.

P. K. Pattnaik, J. R. Pattnaik, S. R. Mishra, and K. S. Nisar, “Variation of the shape of Fe3O4-nanoparticles on the heat transfer phenomenon with the inclusion of thermal radiation Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 147, no. 3, 20218, doi: 10.1007/s10973-021-10605-9.

S. Aghakhani, M. Afrand, A. Karimipour, R. Kalbasi, and M. Mehdi Razzaghi, “Numerical study of the cooling effect of a PVT on its thermal and electrical efficiency using a Cu tube of different diameters and lengths,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 52, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2022.102044.

H. F. Oztop, A. Z. Sahin, H. Coşanay, and I. H. Sahin, “Three-dimensional computational analysis of performance improvement in a novel designed solar photovoltaic/thermal system by using hybrid nanofluids,” Renew Energy, vol. 210, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2023.04.115.

H. Tyagi, P. Phelan, and R. Prasher, “Predicted efficiency of a Low-temperature Nanofluid-based direct absorption solar collector,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, vol. 131, no. 4, 2009, doi: 10.1115/1.3197562.

H. Chaji, Y. Ajabshirchi, E. Esmaeilzadeh, S. Z. Heris, M. Hedayatizadeh, and M. Kahani, “Experimental study on thermal efficiency of flat plate solar collector using tio2/water nanofluid,” Mod Appl Sci, vol. 7, no. 10, 2013, doi: 10.5539/mas.v7n10p60.

M. Karami, M. A. Akhavan Bahabadi, S. Delfani, and A. Ghozatloo, “A new application of carbon nanotubes nanofluid as working fluid of low-temperature direct absorption solar collector,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 121, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2013.11.004.

M. Chen, Y. He, J. Zhu, and D. Wen, “Investigating the collector efficiency of silver nanofluids based direct absorption solar collectors,” Appl Energy, vol. 181, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.08.054.

A. Z. Sahin, M. A. Uddin, B. S. Yilbas, and A. Al-Sharafi, “Performance enhancement of solar energy systems using nanofluids: An updated review,” Renew Energy, vol. 145, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2019.06.108.

S. Kumar, V. Sharma, M. R. Samantaray, and N. Chander, “Experimental investigation of a direct absorption solar collector using ultra stable gold plasmonic nanofluid under real outdoor conditions,” Renew Energy, vol. 162, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2020.10.017.

A. K. Hamzat, M. I. Omisanya, A. Z. Sahin, O. Ropo Oyetunji, and N. Abolade Olaitan, “Application of nanofluid in solar energy harvesting devices: A comprehensive review,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 266. 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2022.115790.

A. Menbari, A. A. Alemrajabi, A. Rezaei, “Heat transfer analysis and the effect of CuO/Water nanofluid on direct absorption concentrating solar collector”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 104, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.05.064.

E. A. Chavez Panduro, F. Finotti, G. Largiller, and K. Y. Lervåg, “A review of the use of nanofluids as heat-transfer fluids in parabolic-trough collectors,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 211. 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2022.118346.

Sultanian, B. (2015). Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach (1st ed.). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b18762

Emanuel, G. (2016). Analytical Fluid Dynamics (3rd ed.). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315148076

J. Liu et al., “Fullerene pipes,” Science (1979), vol. 280, no. 5367, 1998, doi: 10.1126/science.280.5367.1253.

G. K. Batchelor, “The effect of Brownian motion on the bulk stress in a suspension of spherical particles,” J Fluid Mech, vol. 83, no. 1, 1977, doi: 10.1017/S0022112077001062.

H. K. Gupta, G. Das Agrawal, and J. Mathur, “An experimental investigation of a low temperature Al2O3-H2O nanofluid based direct absorption solar collector,” Solar Energy, vol. 118, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2015.04.041.

Y. Xuan, Q. Li, W. Hu, Aggregation structure and thermal conductivity of nanofluids, AIChE J. 49 (2003)

E. P. B. Filho, O. S. H. Mendoza, C. L. L. Beicker, A. Menezes and D. Wen, "Experimental investigation of a silver nanoparticle-based direct absorption solar thermal system." Energy conversion and Management 84 (2014): 261-267, ISSN 0196-8904.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21622/resd.2023.09.2.032


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul-Mubarak Yussif Yidana

Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development

E-ISSN: 2356-8569

P-ISSN: 2356-8518


Published by:

Academy Publishing Center (APC)

Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT)

Alexandria, Egypt