Comparison of Sliding Mode Control and Fuzzy Logic control applied to Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Souhila Rached Zine, Mazari Benyounes, Mohamed Amine Bouzid


wind energy features prominently as a supplementary energy booster. It does not pollute and is inexhaustible. However, its high cost is a major constraint, especially on the less windy sites. The purpose of wind energy systems is to maximize energy efficiency, and extract maximum power from the wind speed. In This case, the MPPT control becomes important. To realize this control, strategy conventional Proportional and Integral (PI) controller is usually used. However, this strategy cannot achieve better performance. This paper proposes other control methods of a turbine which optimizes its production such as fuzzy logic, sliding mode control. These methods improve the quality and energy efficiency. The proposed Sliding Mode Control (SMC) strategy and the fuzzy controllers have presented attractive features such as robustness to parametric uncertainties of the turbine, simplicity of its design and good performances. The simulation result under Matlab\Simulink has validated the performance of the proposed MPPT strategies.


Wind turbine; maximum power point tracking; Sliding Mode Control; fuzzy logic control.

Full Text:



Tarak Ghennam, « supervison d’une ferme éolienne pour son intergation dans la gestion d’un réseau électrique, Apports des convertisseurs multi niveaux au réglages des éoliennes à base de machine asynchrone à double alimentation », Ecole militaire polyctechnique d’Alger, 2011.

B. Beltran, « Maximisation de la puissance produite par une génératrice asynchrone Double alimentation d’une éolienne par mode glissant d’ordre supérieur ». JCGe, 16-17 december-2008.

Mahmoud M. Hussein, , Mohamed Orabi, IEEE Senior Member,, Mahrous E. Ahmed, IEEE Member, et M. A. Abd El-Wahab, and M.M.Hamada, « Simple Direct Sensorless Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator Wind Turbine », Proceedings of the 14th international Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON’10), Carion University, Egypt, 19-december-2010.

M. E. Haque, K. M. Muttaqi, et M. Negnevitsky, « Control of a standalone variable speed wind turbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator », in 2008 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, 2008, p. 109.

A. G. Aissaoui, H. ABID, M. ABID, et A. TAHOUR, « Commande par la logique floue et mode Glissant d’une machine synchrone autopilotée », Rev Roum SciTechn–Électrotechn Énerg, vol. 52, no 1, p. 89–104.

L. Zhang, E. Chunliang, H. Li, et H. Xu, « A new pitch control strategy for wind turbines base on quasi-sliding mode control », in Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, 2009. SUPERGEN’09. International Conference on, 2009, p. 1–4.

A. Gargoom, A. M. O. Haruni, M. E. Haque, et M. Negnevitsky, « Voltage and frequency stabilizer based on fuzzy logic control for three-level NPC converters in stand-alone wind energy systems », in Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2010 IEEE, 2010, p. 1–7.

Y. Mihoub, D. Toumi, B. Mazari, et S. Hassaine, « Design and Implementation of an Adaptive PI Fuzzy Controller to Improve the Speed Control of Induction Motor. », Int. Rev. Electr. Eng., vol. 5, no 2, 2010.

B. Beltran, T. Ahmed-Ali, et M. E. H. Benbouzid, « Sliding mode power control of variable-speed wind energy conversion systems », Energy Convers. IEEE Trans. On, vol. 23, no 2, p. 551–558, 2008.

Chih-Hong Lin, “Recurrent modified Elman neural network control of PM synchronous generator system using wind turbine emulator of PM synchronous servo motor drive”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 52, November 2013, Pages 143-160

S.M. Muyeen, Ahmed Al-Durra, J. Tamura, Variable speed wind turbine generator system with current controlled voltage source inverter, Energy Conversion and Management, Volume52, Issue 7, July 2011, Pages 2688-2694

Robert Gasch, JochenTwele. Wind Power Plants: Fundamentals, Design, Construction and Operation, Springer 2012

M. E. Emna, K. Adel, et M. F. Mimouni, « The Wind Energy Conversion System Using PMSG Controlled by Vector Control and SMC Strategies », Int. J. Renew. EnergyRes. IJRER, vol. 3, no 1, p. 41–50, 2013.

Jiabing Hu; Heng Nian; Bin Hu; Yikang He; Zhu, Z.Q., "Direct Active and Reactive Power Regulation of DFIG Using Sliding-Mode Control Approach," Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on , vol.25, no.4, pp.1028,1039, Dec. 2010

J. Zhang, M. Cheng, Z. Chen, et X. Fu, « Pitch angle control for variable speed wind turbines », in Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, 2008. DRPT 2008. Third International Conference on, 2008, p. 2691–2696.

A. Rahideh, M. Karimi, A. Shakeri, et M. Azadi, « High performance direct torque control of a PMSM using fuzzy logic and genetic algorithm », in Electric Machines & Drives Conference, 2007. IEMDC’07. IEEE International, 2007, vol. 2, p. 932–937.

A. G. Aissaoui, A. Tahour, N. Essounbouli, F. Nollet, M. Abid, et M. I. Chergui, « A Fuzzy-PI control to extract an optimal power from wind turbine », Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 65, p. 688–696, 2013.

A. V. A. Macedo et W. S. Mota, « Wind turbine pitch angle control using Fuzzy Logic », in Transmission and Distribution: Latin America Conference and Exposition (T D-LA), 2012 Sixth IEEE/PES, 2012, p. 16.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 souhila rached Zine, Mazari Benyounes, Mohamed Amine Bouzid

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development

E-ISSN: 2356-8569

P-ISSN: 2356-8518


Published by:

Academy Publishing Center (APC)

Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT)

Alexandria, Egypt